Environmental issues and risks are becoming more and more relevant every year not only to society as a whole, but also to individual organizations that are subject to administrative management.
Such organizations are divided into two main groups.
The first group includes various bodies of state power, regional and local self-government.
The second includes large enterprises of various forms of ownership.
The organizations forming the first and second groups are directly related to environmental risks.
At the same time, subjects of the first group act more as controlling and restraining bodies, and enterprises of the second group - as potential sources of environmental hazards and threats.
Nevertheless, sound management of the environmental risks they face in their activities is important for both.
If you consider environmental risk as a mathematical expectation of a loss function when you find estimates of the parameters of a mathematical model or its structure, its essence can be determined by at least six critical components:
- the release of pollutants into the environment or the unplanned depletion of natural resources;
- Amount of harmful substance received;
- type of pollutant;
- duration of the polluting influence;
- the environmental hazard of this chemical or physical element.
Summarizing, the above characteristics can be formulated the concept of environmental risk.
Environmental risk is the potential for environmental damage through accidental release of pollutants or unplanned pathological depletion of natural resources.
Environmental disaster - emergency release of pollutants, unplanned depletion of natural resources.
Environmental risk management consists, on the one hand, in preventing the occurrence of environmental disasters, on the other, in minimizing their negative consequences.
Prevention of environmental disasters is carried out mainly through:
- clearly forecast the environmental impact of planned projects;
- Development and deployment of environmentally sound and resource-efficient technologies;
- economic incentives for environmentally friendly economic entities;
- administrative and legal deterrence of unscrupulous entrepreneurs;
- Increasing use of environmental education and advocacy.