External scientific and technical risks are a group of risks that characterize the external impact on the system public administration, through scientific and technical factors.
Such as the outflow of highly qualified researchers, changing relevant legislative framework, illegal copying of technologies, reduction of the level integrating new technologies into production processes and others.
These risks have an impact both on the entire internal structure of the elements of the system under study, and associated risks and factors.
External scientific and technical risks are divided into:
- risk of reducing integration of new technologies into production;
- risk of outflow of highly qualified scientific employees;
- risk of military technology development other countries;
- risk of general technological other countries' breakthroughs;
- risk of man-made consequences;
- risk of legislative change R & D bases;
- risk of lack of resources for R & D;
- risk of theft (copying) technologies;
- risk of backlog of related technologies;
- other risks related to external scientific and technical factors.
Indicators of identification of this risk group are:
- number of registered patents;
- indicators of the level of practical implementation of R & D results;
- level of technological development;
- amount of scientific funding researches;
- indicators of the resource base;
- the level of education achieved;
- foreign investment in domestic scientific projects;
- level of illegal borrowing intellectual property;
- other development indicators scientific and technical activities.
Ways to evaluate external scientific and technical risks:
- intercountry comparative analysis of technological advantages;
- analysis of promising directions scientific research;
- control of development of counterparty countries;
- structure and content analysis patent activity;
- assessment of resource state potential;
- control of illegal borrowing of intellectual property;
- other modern means monitoring research activities.
Methods of managing external scientific and technical risks:
- assistance in the organization and funding of research activities;
- development of practical integration activities in the production of R & D results;
- creating an enabling environment for maintaining scientific human resources capacity;
- development of technological impact control systems;
- development of international scientific cooperation;
- simplification of procedures for obtaining patents;
- creating tracking algorithms improper borrowing intellectual property;
- attracting foreign capital to finance research;
- finding and implementing modern planning, forecasting and monitoring methods;
- creation of appropriate reserve funds, etc.