Externally-environmental risks are a group of risks that characterize the external impact on the public administration system through environmental factors.
Such as eco-change legislation, natural growth, climate and anthropogenic impacts, changes in eco-ideology and others.
These risks affect both the entire internal structure of the elements of the system under study and the associated risks and factors of their occurrence.
Externally-environmental risks are divided into:
- natural exposure risk;
- risk of climate impact;
- risk of anthropogenic exposure;
- risk of sociogenic impact;
- combined environmental risks;
- risk of environmental catastrophe;
- environmental and ideological risk;
- environmental and economic risk;
- risk of changes in environmental legislation;
- other risks related to external environmental factors.
Indicators of identification of this risk group are:
- soil, water, air and other directions;
- the volume and structure of mining;
- dynamics of chronic diseases of the population;
- the level of legislative activity in the field of ecology;
- number of environmental organizations; budget allocation for eco-supervision and environmental conservation;
- other environmental indicators.
Ways to evaluate externally-environmental risks:
- dynamic assessment of the level of environmental pollution;
- analysis of the international legislative framework and legislative activities;
- monitoring of natural and climatic changes;
- establishment of a register of high-pollution enterprises;
- strengthening environmental surveillance;
- other modern environmental monitoring tools.
Methods of managing externally-environmental risks:
- assistance in the organization and financing of various environmental organizations;
- development and adjustment of regulatory values of environmental pollution;
- financing of clean-up projects for contaminated areas;
- support for the development of eco-industries; adaptation of international standards and the legislative framework;
- development of the eco-image of the country;
- maintenance and implementation of R & D projects;
- the development of eco-ideology;
- finding and implementing modern methods of planning, forecasting and monitoring;
- establishment of appropriate reserve funds.