General scientific and technical risks are a group of risks that reflect the internal impact on the public administration system, through common scientific and technical factors.
Such as the outflow of researchers, insufficient financing, regulatory issues, quality of education received, reduction of educational and research organizations, inconsistency of production needs and research and other factors.
These risks affect both the entire internal structure of the elements of the system under study and the associated risks and factors.
General scientific and technical risks are divided into:
- the risk of deterioration of the quality of education received;
- risk of regulatory regulation of R&D;
- the risk of reducing the implementation of R&D results;
- risk of internal outflow of scientific personnel;
- risk of imperfection of state regulation and control of R&D;
- risk of inconsistency between R&D results and production needs;
- risk of underestimating the importance of implementing R&D results;
- other risks related to internal scientific and technical factors.
Indicators of identification of this risk group are:
- qualitative and quantitative indicators of educational attainment; to
- indicators of the number and efficiency of educational and research organizations;
- amount and structure of R&D funding;
- dynamics of patents registration and their practical implementation;
- number of current research staff and postgraduate students;
- dynamics of updating legislation in the field of R&D;
- many other indicators of assessment of scientific activity.
Ways to evaluate general scientific and technical risks:
- evaluation of the effectiveness of educational and research institutions;
- analysis of resource and financial security of R&D;
- monitoring of the current regulatory system;
- assessment of human capacity;
- analysis of coherence between R&D results and production needs;
- identification of promising research directions and problematic aspects of R&D development;
- analysis of practical integration of R&D results;
- other modern means of assessing and monitoring scientific activities.
Methods of managing general scientific and technical risks:
- raising the level of education of the population;
- strengthening financial support for R&D;
- updating the legal framework;
- building a system for integrating R&D results into practice;
- support for knowledge-intensive enterprises;
- strengthening control over the effectiveness of educational institutions and improving their financial support;
- creation of favourable conditions for the preservation of promising scientific personnel;
- development of the system of state regulation and control of R&D;
- search and implementation of modern methods of planning, forecasting and monitoring;
- creation of appropriate reserve funds, etc.