Operating risk is mainly related to trading transactions as well as financial investment cash transactions and dividend (interest) payments.
Both cash flow and profit levels are at risk.
Transaction risks arise when agreements are entered into to make payments or receive funds in foreign currency, which will occur at some point in time in the future.
If the exchange rate changes occurred before the payment or receipt of funds, the company may:
In any case, the inflow of currency will be smaller and the outflow more than expected.
- Spend more of your national currency on payment than expected;
- receive less of its national currency from foreign currency earnings.