General environmental risks are a group of risks that reflect the internal impact on public administration through common environmental factors.
Such as the imperfection and irrelevance of environmental legislation, an increase in the number of polluting industries, corruption connivance, an increase in eco-morbidity, a reduction in public eco-organizations and their financing, as well as other factors.
These risks affect both the entire internal structure of the elements of the system under study and the associated risks and factors of their occurrence.
General environmental risks are divided into:
- risk of uncontested development of socially dangerous polluting industries;
- risk of underfunding of eco-projects;
- risk of irrelevance and imperfection of environmental legislation;
- risk of non-compliance with environmental legislation;
- risk of changing the number of public environmental organizations;
- the risk of diminishing the environmental morality of society;
- risk of environmental diseases;
- risk of corruption in environmental matters;
- risk of deterioration of the national environmental situation;
- other risks related to internal environmental factors.
Indicators of identification of this risk group are:
- the level of funding for eco-organizations and their environmental projects;
- developments in the updating of environmental legislation;
- quantity and structure of polluting organizations;
- indicators of current environmental pollution;
- the dynamics of environmental diseases;
- the number and content of acts of corruption;
- many other environmental indicators.
Ways to evaluate general environmental risks:
- monitoring of current emissions to the environment;
- assessment of the structural and quality composition of polluting enterprises;
- analysis of the structure of financing of public environmental associations and their eco-projects;
- monitoring the implementation of existing legislation;
- assessment of environmental offences, including corruption;
- control of the effects of pollution-related diseases;
- other modern means of monitoring environmental indicators.
Methods of managing general environmental risks:
- development support and financing of various environmental projects;
- development of measures to prevent environmental offences;
- improving environmental legislation;
- countering the development of corruption links;
- supporting the practical implementation of new environmental and resource-saving technologies;
- creating economic barriers to the existence and development of polluting enterprises;
- increased liability for environmental offences;
- finding and implementing modern methods of planning, forecasting and monitoring;
- creation of appropriate reserve funds, etc.